We all know that our gums are pink, inside our mouth and the hold our teeth together. The gums (also known as the gingival) are actually a sort of tissue which hold the teeth in place inside the mouth; they are a support tool for the teeth and very important for oral health. They also cover the jaw bone by creating a protective barrier.
The gums are covered by what we call the oral mucosa, which is a protective lining that covers everything in the mouth apart from the teeth. The oral mucosa is a mucous membrane which is a lot similar to that which lines the nostrils and inner ears. It defends the body against germs and other foreign substances that may enter the mouth, and is resistant to injury because it contains keratin (also found in hair and nails).
Spotting a healthy gum is easy because they are firm and cover the entire root of the tooth; they do not bleed when brushed, poked or prodded; unhealthy gums exhibit these qualities which are signs of gum disease. It is essential that the gums are well taken care of by flossing as well as brushing the teeth twice daily, so as to avoid tooth loss caused by gum disease.
Gingival recession, also known as gum recession, takes place when the root of your tooth starts to show. It may be a sign of gum disease which destroys the structures that support your teeth. It leads to greater tooth decay and eventually tooth loss. When the roots are exposed, the teeth are more sensitive to hot/cold food and acids, making it quite uncomfortable to eat.
Causes include: Heredity, Teeth grinding or misalignment, brushing too hard at the gumline, Tobacco.
Treatments: When you find out that you have receding gums, you need to trace the cause and maybe try to reduce those things which make your gums recede, e.g., reduce smoking, or improve your oral hygiene procedures. You can also visit your dentist who may use different techniques to improve the appearance of your gums including – Deep cleaning, Gum grafting and Regeneration (severe cases).
Gum recession could take place over a couple of years. It is very difficult to notice especially if you don’t experience pain or sensitivity, because it is a very slow process. Myself, Dr Harry C Kafetzidis at Fine Dentistry can help people with this problem using the most effective method that involves a procedure like plastic surgery for gums. I use the latest techniques with ready grafting materials so it make things much easier for the patient and the results can be outstanding.
Contact us today for a consultation.