Healthy vs Unhealthy Gums

are ur gums healthy

We all know that our gums are pink, inside our mouth and the hold our teeth together. The gums (also known as the gingival) are actually a sort of tissue which hold the teeth in place inside the mouth; they are a support tool for the teeth and very important for oral health. They also cover the jaw bone by creating a protective barrier.

The gums are covered by what we call the oral mucosa, which is a protective lining that covers everything in the mouth apart from the teeth. The oral mucosa is a mucous membrane which is a lot similar to that which lines the nostrils and inner ears. It defends the body against germs and other foreign substances that may enter the mouth, and is resistant to injury because it contains keratin (also found in hair and nails).

Spotting a healthy gum is easy because they are firm and cover the entire root of the tooth; they do not bleed when brushed, poked or prodded; unhealthy gums exhibit these qualities which are signs of gum disease. It is essential that the gums are well taken care of by flossing as well as brushing the teeth twice daily, so as to avoid tooth loss caused by gum disease.

Gingival recession, also known as gum recession, takes place when the root of your tooth starts to show. It may be a sign of gum disease which destroys the structures that support your teeth. It leads to greater tooth decay and eventually tooth loss. When the roots are exposed, the teeth are more sensitive to hot/cold food and acids, making it quite uncomfortable to eat.

Causes include: Heredity, Teeth grinding or misalignment, brushing too hard at the gumline, Tobacco.

Treatments: When you find out that you have receding gums, you need to trace the cause and maybe try to reduce those things which make your gums recede, e.g., reduce smoking, or improve your oral hygiene procedures. You can also visit your dentist who may use different techniques to improve the appearance of your gums including – Deep cleaning, Gum grafting and Regeneration (severe cases).

Gum recession could take place over a couple of years. It is very difficult to notice especially if you don’t experience pain or sensitivity, because it is a very slow process. Myself, Dr Harry C Kafetzidis at Fine Dentistry can help people with this problem using the most effective method that involves a procedure like plastic surgery for gums. I use the latest techniques with ready grafting materials so it make things much easier for the patient  and the results can be outstanding.

Contact us today for a consultation.




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A more detailed look into Porcelain Veneers

Thin wafers of porcelain were developed to be bonded to tooth structure so as to modify the shape, colour, aesthetic scheme, and smile line of the teeth.  Porcelain has a very strong bond to composite resin through silanation, and thereby to tooth structure.  Porcelain has natural translucence, and its ability to be manipulated in the laboratory to create a beautiful transition of colours mimics the polychromatic nature of natural tooth structure. Once properly bonded to enamel, it is very strong, colour stable, and has the capacity to last for years.  Tissue response to porcelain veneers has proven to be excellent when the proper contours are maintained.

Today, porcelain veneers and crowns are tooth-coloured, stain resistant moldings that cover the fronts of your teeth and can greatly improve your smile. They are crafted from high-tech materials that are tooth-like in appearance and will result in a natural looking smile.

Veneers can be used for a number of cosmetic corrections including teeth whitening and orthodontic adjustments. They are now more convenient than ever before due to the massive improvements in technology over the past few years. New types of porcelain reflect light just as good as the natural teeth; they are also stronger. Digital imaging systems can allow some dentists to create same-day restorations that are near-perfect match to the natural shape and colour of patient’s teeth. More comprehensive results can be achieved by combining veneers with dental crowns and teeth whitening.

Porcelain veneers and crowns can last for many years. They are among the most trusted procedures in cosmetic dentistry, although patients must bear in mind that is a non-reversible procedure which requires a minimal amount of the natural tooth to be altered.

To view samples of our porcelain crowns and veneers please view our gallery >> or call us if you’d like to find out whether they are the right solution for you.

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Non-invasive smile makeover

I recently saw a young gentleman, a very promising and talented actor who had been involved in an accident a few years ago which had affected his front teeth. He had also experienced some bad dentistry in the past and was really concerned about his current smile affecting his confidence and career. He asked me to help him as he had an audition in a couple of weeks which meant that a fast and effective solution was important. I took some photographs and analysed his smile. We arranged two appointments for him, 5 hours in total. I was able to finish all the work without the need for an anaesthetic and without discomfort.

The first appointment:- I used composite materials which are made from microscopic glass beads embedded in a matrix of resin. These are tooth coloured materials, strong and durable. I was able to re-shape his teeth with a way to create harmony and balance with these materials without the need to remove any tooth at all. The whole procedure was totally non invasive. The result in just three hours exceeded my patient’s expectations and really put a smile on his face.

The second appointment:- His new gorgeous smile was fine tuned. My patient was so thrilled with his new smile makeover that he chose to leave with this result for a few months before the next step.

The next step will involve the transfer of these results to porcelain veneers, which will make his teeth stronger and more even looking.

Please find below a testimonial written by my client:

“As a young actor I was recently signed by a major talent agency in the USA alongside Curtis Brown Group in London. My work extends from the Royal National Theatre to Broadway to each major television channel in the UK. Having suspected that my battered teeth were getting in the way of film and television casting I discovered Dr Harry Kafetzidis and he turned things around in just four and a half hours over two sessions. My agents couldn’t believe the transformation. His warmth, care and attention is second to none- but more than that, he is a specialist craftsman- uncompromising on the inimitable quality of his workdr harry

What is the best dental floss?

What is the best dental floss?

Flossing everyday is the most important choice that you and your family can make. Whether you choose to use an electric flosser or just standard flossing, either way you’re on your way to a healthy smile no matter what your age.

There are plenty of flosses out there that you can use, it all depends on your preference. A study in 2008 in the Journal of Periodontology1, showed that there was no difference between four different flosses (electric, unwaxed, woven, shred resistant). Despite electric flossers showing significant plaque removal than the others, the study showed that they all types were effective in removing plaque.

Electric flossers can benefit older adults, older children and teens who find standard flossing fiddly. Plus, children will probably find electric flossers more fun especially if they use electric toothbrushes.

One thing to note is that children just starting out will be better off starting with specialised child-sized non-electric floss and then upgrading to spongy floss, which can fit around braces or other dental hardware.

What is the best dental floss?

There are plenty of flosses out there to suit different types of teeth. Whether you choose flavoured, waxed or unwaxed, here are some suggestions of floss to use depending on your teeth:

  • Large gaps between your teeth: dental tape or Super Floss
  • Not much space: waxed floss will make it easier for you to glide in between those tight spaces
  • If you want less mess then we suggest disposable floss or opt for pre-measured strands
  • Braced/Bridges: spongy floss is optimal, although any floss will work

Flossing can significantly reduce the chances of catching gum disease-causing bacteria. Whether you brush or floss first, it is important that you do it everyday. It’s equally important to know how to floss correctly, so that you are giving the maximum care to your teeth. Here’s a quick guide on how to floss properly:

  1. Using around 18 inches of floss, wrap the floss around your middle finger
  2. Wrap the rest around your other middle finger, leaving around 2 – 3 inches between each finger
  3. Tightly hold the floss between your thumbs and insert it between two teeth
  4. Making a “C” shape against the tooth, gently slide the floss up and down
  5. Repeat the sliding motion on the other tooth
  6. Continue this process for each tooth, unwrapped fresh floss each time you get to a new tooth

Whilst it is important to know how to keep healthy gums and teeth, you should still have a check up with your dentist. By visiting your dentist at least twice a year, you can get your teeth professionally cleaned and check for signs of gum disease.

photo 1 credit: GmanViz via photopin cc
photo 2 credit: pattyanne:made via photopin cc

  1. G. Terézhalmy, R Bartizek, A BIesbrock. Plaque Removal Efficacy of Four Types of Dental Floss. Journal of Periodontology. February 2008, Vol. 79, No. 2, Pages 245 – 251

Welcome to Harry Kafetzidis’ Blog

I write this in order to inform my audience about my practice, about the latest dental treatments available and how these can benefit you and help you to a healthier great smile.

You also will find information on related subjects and health issues. I hope you will enjoy reading. I will write in a simple to understand way and I will be happy to answer questions.

Let’s take a look at what’s going on to my practice within the last few weeks.

I participated recently on an advanced training course on correcting a very common problem called gum recession. This is when for a number of reasons the gums recede and reveal the root of the tooth making it sensitive, unattractive and also easier to get troubles in future.

There is a surgical technique where by using tissue from donors we can correct this avoiding taking tissue from the patient. That makes everything much easier and in most cases you can achieve equally good results and correct the problem. The donor’s tissue is a matrix without cells and has been worked with a way that no transmission of any known disease is possible and the recipient’s body uses this tissue as a scaffolding to build its own new gums.

This plastic surgery it is technique sensitive and the patient has to follow very carefully the postoperative instructions to get the best results.

Also   I completed an advanced course about root canal re-treatment. It is not unusual to come across with teeth that have been treated in the past, however the treatment hasn’t worked for different reasons and then in order to save the tooth you have to repeat the treatment which is usually much more complicated. It was an exceptional learning and useful experience.

It is obvious the above updates will benefit my patients and enhance further the results we achieve at my practice.

Also we completed last week a smile makeover for Tom.

Tom had basic dentistry over the years and he was told that he will lose his teeth due to gum disease.

He also never liked his smile. He had large spaces between his front upper teeth, a missing tooth and unattractive metal to porcelain crowns. He also used to chew his food always on one side as at the other side the molars were missing.

Tom’s sister has been attending my practice for a number of years and she referred her brother to me in order to help him with his smile.

We first helped him with the gum problem ,as healthy gums are necessary for any further treatment. We did an extensive scaling for Tom and inform him how to keep his teeth very clean on a daily basis. We also explained to him that it is necessary to see him often for scaling. In a very short time his gums become healthy. We also adjust his bite over an old crown that was made higher than it should be, and that reduced the mobility on this tooth.

We took impressions of his teeth, made models and planned his new smile, as well as the implant treatment for the missing molars. Small x-rays and a CT scan gave us also more information necessary prior to his treatment.

Two implants were placed successfully early January and his new smile was designed in order to avoid spaces between the teeth and create the illusion that no tooth is missing. First we created the new smile with acrylic composite temporary crowns and after the necessary adjustments porcelain zirconia crowns, metal free, were made.

We just completed the above work and Tom is very   happy, he smiles at every chance and he feels a new person particularly when remembers that a few months ago he was due to be scheduled for extractions.

At the next mail I will write about smile analysis. What is that makes a smile attractive?

Until then Keep very well, particularly with this wonderful weather and amazing tennis!